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戴氏弃儿:ofo正以肉眼可见的速度被它的用户们抛弃

    划重点1ofo的APP上排队等待退押金的用户已经累计超过1000万。这一数字还在以几乎每分钟一万人的速度持续增加。2ofo内部人士透露,戴威从B轮融资起就不曾主动找过投资,都是资方找上门来。钱来得太顺,也烧得太快,让这个年轻公司的几乎所有人都烧红了眼。3今年1月8日召开的ofo年会上,戴威还慷慨激昂地提出新的一年要把总用户做到3亿,总营收做到100亿元的目标。“过完春节就变了。听公司里的人说,钱进不来了。”4戴威已在新加坡成立了一家区块链公司,多名原ofo老员工投身其中,并已积累相关资金以备不时之需。撰文/AI财经社 王蒙 高珮莙编辑/ 张硕ofo正在以肉眼可见的速度被它的用户们抛弃。截至发稿,ofo的APP上排队等待退押金的用户已经累计超过1000万。这一数字还在以几乎每分钟一万人的速度持续增加。仅以早期用户每人99元的押金计算,ofo至少要为此支付10亿元。在ofo位于中关村互联网金融中心的总部,从12月17日早上8点开始,就已经被上门讨要押金的用户“围攻”。队伍长度从大堂延伸到互联网中心门口10米、20米,甚至一度蜿蜒至丹棱街上近百米,排队进入大厦的时间也从1个小时变成了最长3个小时。在戴威的设想中,2018年会是ofo的大干之年,但事实上,这个2018年对于整个ofo团队,坎坷而又艰难。从资本宠儿沦为市场弃儿,已经被资本和供应商抛弃的ofo如何熬过这个寒冬?01“去ofo总部要钱!”如果不是数百人聚集在中关村互联网金融中心门口,12月17日原本只是一个平常的星期一。保洁员阿秀最先感觉到这一天跟往常不太一样。互联网金融中心的电梯高峰期一般在8点半到9点一刻,但这一天从8点开始,A座通往高层的三部电梯就有人在排队,而且不少人看起来不像是来上班的。他们会问前台或者保安,小黄车是在5楼吗?退押金是从这里上去吗?互联网金融中心大堂的楼层导引图上,B区5层此前标注的是“ofo 小黄车”,但阿秀记不清楚从什么时候开始,这个名字就从楼层导引图上“消失”了。从8点半开始,要搭乘电梯上五楼变得愈发艰难。越来越多的人聚集,上班的人和前往ofo总部要押金的人扎堆在大堂里,所有人都想往里进。大厦保安在电梯口设置了警戒线。要上五楼必须排队,一次只允许15个人进入,这恰好是一部电梯能够承载的容量。平均七到八分钟能有一批人被允许乘坐电梯进入五楼。下午两点半,北京的室外温度5度,无风无雾霾。当佳琪抱着两岁多的女儿出现在排队人群中时,站在她前后的人不淡定了。“大人受这份罪没事,别给孩子冻着了。”当知道佳琪和她老公从马驹桥坐两个多小时地铁赶来退押金时,站在队伍旁边的一位中年男人连连感叹,“真牛,真牛,东六环到北四环,整整十环。”佳琪的押金是199块钱,“要是能退多好,能给孩子买点吃的。不买吃的,再加几十块钱,也能买一罐奶粉。”佳琪一个月前就在线上申请了退款。12月14日下午,佳琪从新闻APP上看到一则报道,北京市民来ofo总部申请退押金,现场就拿到退款了。在家带孩子的佳琪有着充足的时间,她被朋友“安排”先来打前站,如果能退他们再请假来退款。半个月前佳琪也申请把摩拜299元的押金给退了。尽管摩拜的押金很顺利就到账了,但佳琪已经不想再用任何共享单车了。“钱充进去容易,再拿出来就太难了。”身穿白色羽绒服,戴着耳机,拿着一张A4纸念念有词的立文在排队人群中显得很“扎眼”。她是一名在校大学生,下午两点多从五道口赶到ofo总部。因为明天要在课堂上做一个英文的演讲,她趁排队的时间背诵明天要用到的内容。对于能不能退押金她显得异常淡定,“能够退最好,不能退也没事,钱也不多。”立文是ofo早期用户,交纳的押金是99元。排在立文前面的方俊是一名大四学生,学校在魏公村,距离互联网金融中心两站地铁。跟立文一样,他也是ofo的早期用户。2016年ofo刚开始在大学投放的时候,方俊就开始用小黄车。在他的印象中,早期的ofo非常好骑,等到ofo出了校园向社会投放的时候,遇到坏车的概率就大了好多。住在中关村附近的一对中年夫妇,他们是开车来退押金的。妻子就站在立文后面,丈夫则四处溜达,负责收集最新消息。站了半个小时,丈夫开始埋怨妻子,退的钱都不够停车费的,来这儿干吗?身处风暴中心的ofo,却显得异常平静。下午4点半左右,ofo小黄车现场工作人员表示,退押金业务办理延长至晚上10点,直到晚上七点还有一百余人排队。17日晚间,ofo在其微信公众号提示,线上申请退押金与现场排队退押金一样。AI财经社了解到,在ofo总部排队也并不能直接拿到退款,排队三四个小时进入ofo办公室也只是登记注册ofo的手机号码和支付宝账号,工作人员承诺在0-3个工作日内将押金退至支付宝账号。尽管如此,仍然有不少用户选择排队讨要说法。在网络交易社区闲鱼上,嗅觉灵敏的卖家开展了“人肉代退押金”服务,价格从0.01元到99元不等。有人标价9.9元出售“退押金教程”,有人自称“线下纯手工拨号,线上三四个服务端排号”,押金99元的收费40元,押金199元的收费99元,并承诺“不成功全额退”。一位标价20元的卖家告诉AI财经社,她17日一大早就来到ofo总部排队,很快就办完了登记。不过,此前已有多名网友因代退押金业务被骗。02它有这么多钱退押金吗?共享单车企业走到被用户追着要押金这一步,ofo不是第一家。这是江河经历的第二次排队退押金的情况。上一次是2017年的11月,他从房山前往北京通州万达广场的酷骑单车总部,排队申请退押金。17日早上10:20,江河到达互联网金融中心的时候,现场已经有三四百人在排队。“这真的不算多的,去酷骑那次,至少有几千人吧,现场都要打架的。”江河几乎用过出现在北京的所有共享单车,酷骑、一步用车、小蓝单车、ofo、摩拜单车、哈啰单车。2017年3月到4月间,江河先后两次向ofo申请退押金,都是即时到账,这让他觉得ofo还是很可靠的,不是“割韭菜骗押金”。自2017年5月再次交纳押金后,一年多时间里,他再也没有申请退还押金,直到ofo频频传出资金链困难的消息。今年10月29日,江河在线申请退款,页面提示是0-15个工作日退款到账,但都到了12月,退款仍然没有到账。他看到媒体报道现场可以退押金,也决定来试一试。江河提起退款申请操作页面尽管排队人数众多,还有大妈跟维持秩序的警察、保安发生争执,现场吵闹不断。但江河说,这秩序比酷骑那时候好多了。江河告诉AI财经社,但凡小黄车能够找得着、可以骑,他都不会退款。“现在的问题是,我根本找不到可以骑的小黄车,相当于我花钱买不到你的服务,那我留着你干嘛呢?”坏车太多,找不着车,是不少人选择退押金的原因之一。要解决这些问题,一支强大的运维团队必不可少。按照ofo此前公布的人车配比,每50辆车配备1名线下运维人员。自2017年4月,ofo开始大规模招募线下运维人员。但这部分人员都属于ofo的“非核心人员”,在签订合同时,均采用劳务派遣或人力外包的方式委托第三方人力资源公司实行招募。在ofo传出资金链紧张消息后,这些“编外人员”最先被踢出局。从2018年3月开始,全国多地陆续爆出ofo拖欠运维工资的事件。今年11月,AI财经社记者曾就线下运维人员是否减少向ofo公关人员求证,对方表示线下运维团队一直在工作。但一位ofo离职员工告诉AI财经社,11月上旬ofo搬离理想大厦期间,还有运维人员上门讨要工资。并非所有交纳过押金的用户都有拿到钱的机会。有一名ofo用户将199元的押金转成了余额(ofo此前推出的活动,押金转成余额后可享受免押金骑行),理论上这笔钱就已经不是押金了,但这名用户一再要求,“让你们老板出来,今天必须给我退款”。给他办理登记的女性工作人员既没有回应他,也没有向同伴寻求帮助,而是选择沉默应对。ofo办公室内,工作人员正在登记用户信息尽管已经登记完信息,但大多数人并没有感觉到开心,“这么多人退款,ofo有这么多钱吗?”这个担忧并非杞人忧天。10月31日来自界面的报道称,一份约半年前ofo的负债表显示,彼时,ofo整体负债为64.96亿元,其中包括用户押金36.50亿元。有接近ofo内部的人士告诉AI财经社,如此大规模的用户要求退押金,ofo目前的资金状况肯定无法承担。此前,有媒体报道称“ofo挪用押金或超百亿”,ofo对外回应称,挪用押金为不实消息,且不符合共享单车行业基本商业逻辑。不过,一位共享出行行业创始人告诉AI财经社,挪用押金几乎是业内公开的秘密。骑行费用连最基本的运营支出都不能打平,一旦投资人不愿意再掏钱,缺乏造血能力的共享单车企业要活下去,只有这一条路。“这些用户的押金有人管吗?没有人管,说是由银行托管,有谁去查过这些押金究竟在哪里?还不是左手倒右手。”承诺去年7月底押金全部退回的町町单车一夜间人去楼空,欠用户3000多万元押金未还,过去开卡宴上班的富二代创始人丁伟锒铛入狱。被滴滴复活的小蓝单车转移了资产,却没有填上巨大的押金黑洞,只是被转化成了滴滴券。业内人士估计,小蓝单车押金池的规模在15亿元以上,还拖欠至少10亿元供应商欠款。今年8月11日,小鸣单车宣布破产,公司账户上仅剩35万多元,被11万名用户以拖欠2000余万元押金为由告上法庭,还拖欠员工和供应商欠款3540多万元。ofo的押金去了哪里或许只有戴威清楚,可以肯定的是,ofo已经不再承诺0-3个工作日完成退款申请。AI财经社了解到,有ofo工作人员对现场排队退款的用户表示,17日在总部填写表格的用户,会在承诺日期内退款,而18日开始排号退款的用户则按排号次序,顺序退款,每日零点排位号码将会更新。03资本离场轰轰烈烈的风口再往前迈一步,也许就是深不见底的悬崖。击鼓传花的游戏结束了,嗅觉异常灵敏的资本,比用户更早一步逃离如今面临窘境的ofo。截至目前,ofo的上一轮融资还停留在今年3月阿里巴巴领投的8.66亿美元E+轮融资,那是ofo用核心资产共享单车作为质押物换来的。扫码骑车前15秒的视频广告,为“三无”产品发软文,将押金转至P2P平台——但凡有可能筹到钱的方式,ofo几乎都尝试过了,依然只能苦苦支撑,勉强维系。在共享单车被称为中国“新四大发明”、人们满怀赞叹地调侃“颜色不够用”的两年前,没有人会预料到这样凄凉的场面。刚创业融资时,戴威觉得资本能投钱就是恩德,连条款都不谈。但随着共享单车风口日盛,资本争先恐后地一拥而上,2016年年底,共享单车领域仅获得融资的入局者就有20余家。业内人士估算,整个共享单车领域这几年已经烧掉了超过百亿美元。曾参与过对滴滴投资的刘毅然如是描述当时的盛况:“如果你人不在北京,基本上就投不进去了。”被投资人众星捧月的戴威心态也开始发生微妙的变化,觉得感恩资本“是一种弱势”,甚至认为“资本是来挣钱的,给他一个挣钱的机会”。ofo内部人士透露,戴威从B轮融资起就不曾主动找过投资,都是资方找上门来。钱来得太顺,也烧得太快,让这个年轻公司的几乎所有人都烧红了眼。据员工透露,经历过大大小小10轮融资的ofo做活动不计成本,发快递只用顺丰,斥巨资签约鹿晗,甚至花钱命名了一颗卫星。当时,ofo管理层一人一辆牧马人,一个区域运营一个月就能贪污数万元,年会上被奖励4个月工资的10位“优秀员工”,短短一个月后就有3人因数据作假和贪污被开除。那是共享单车最后的风光时刻。从去年下半年开始,情势急转直下。迟迟找不到可持续的盈利方式,共享单车在资本力挺下疯狂砸钱抢占市场的阶段进入了尾声。除了背靠大树好乘凉的摩拜单车、哈啰出行和青桔单车,共享单车已经有大半年没有获得资本方的青睐。从去年下半年开始,悟空单车、町町单车、小蓝单车、酷骑单车、1号单车等十数家第二三梯队的创业企业相继加入了共享单车“死亡大军”的行列,有的只活了半年时间。一位ofo员工此前向AI财经社透露,今年1月8日召开的ofo年会上,戴威还慷慨激昂地提出新的一年要把总用户做到3亿,总营收做到100亿元的目标。“过完春节就变了。听公司里的人说,钱进不来了。”去年9月,软银完成了对ofo的投资尽调,最终决定放弃,ofo期待已久的10亿美元融资落了空。同年12月,当初力挺戴威的朱啸虎将ofo的股份全部卖给了阿里巴巴,套现30多亿美元悄悄离场。那时,ofo与摩拜烧钱扩张的拉锯战已达到白热化阶段,曾宣称要“3个月结束战争”的朱啸虎转了口风,开始明里暗里地撮合ofo和摩拜,认为“唯有合并才有出路”。但心高气傲的戴威只想独自掌控局面,顶着诸多投资人的压力拒绝了这一提议。推动两强合并的尝试失败后,投资人愈发收紧了钱袋。从今年4月开始,虽然ofo方面屡次出面斩钉截铁地辟谣,但关于ofo将要“卖身”滴滴的传言仍然铺天盖地,几乎每隔半个月就刷一次屏。自2016年9月C轮融资以来,连续多轮投资的滴滴跻身ofo最大股东,也成为多次被戴威公开感谢的“贵人”。但由于滴滴试图取得ofo控制权,戴威则认为对方“要的太多”,双方始终无法达成一致,滴滴派驻到ofo的3名高管也被戴威“强制休假”。AI财经社此前了解到,为了平衡滴滴在ofo中的权力,ofo还曾转向阿里寻求支援,并得到了一笔约10亿美元的投资,但拥有一票否决权的滴滴拒绝签字,致使这笔钱迟迟未能到账。被资本“断粮”长达半年多、自身又没有造血能力的ofo,最终走到了山穷水尽的境地。去年12月7日,ofo早期投资人王刚在第十七届中国股权投资年度论坛上表态,认为早期共享单车存在恶性竞争,部分超额投放的单车使用率不足,企业收不到钱,是一个很危险的信号,“有可能押金退不回来了,有可能公司就没了”,最终“打得挺热闹的,溅了一身血”。一语成谶。资本如潮水般汹涌而来,让风口之上的弄潮儿难免有些飘飘然;又如潮水般骤然退去,只留下一地鸡毛和孤零零地搁浅在沙滩上的ofo,独自咀嚼被抛弃的苦果。04摇摆的当家人最后一次接受阿里投资后,昔日风光无限的戴威开始有意识地躲避媒体和公众的视线。事实上,在经过了一系列自救失败、独立无望、融资艰难之后,戴威已然选择放弃ofo。这个创业仅两年就跻身2017年福布斯80后百富榜第18位的年轻人比胡玮炜心气更高,他的梦想是让ofo成为和Google一样影响世界的企业。据ofo员工透露,戴威计划在上市时打上北大师兄送给他的领带,甚至想好了敲钟时要发表的“获奖感言”。人生难得遇上一次与命运对赌的机会。正如一位接近戴威的投资人所说,“当你赶上了这滔滔洪流,一旦放弃再想抓住这样的机会就很难了。”他希望资本“理解创业者的理想和决心”,让ofo独立发展,但又觉得“有时候还是不能太楞”。今年3月,戴威接受媒体采访时首次松口表示“一切皆有可能”,但事态显然已超出了他的控制。次月,摩拜作价27亿美元委身美团,双方合并的谈判桌被彻底掀翻。ofo创始人戴威今年5月的员工会上,戴威将ofo现状比作了电影《至暗时刻》中丘吉尔面临的处境,并向员工表示:“如果不愿意战斗到最后,现在就可以退出。”形势越来越糟糕,这个言语温吞、表情淡漠的年轻人开始意识到,“这个事情不是我能决定的”。10月下旬,ofo 运营主体东峡大通(北京)管理咨询有限公司的法人代表悄然换成了5号员工陈正江,戴威仿佛凭空消失了。在他销声匿迹的这段时间里,于信几乎成了ofo对外发声唯一的“传声筒”。一位内部员工告诉AI财经社,戴威不在公司的这段时间,ofo的对外事宜都是联合创始人于信在负责。今年6月,ofo将运维人员从1.2万人缩减至9000人,总部员工比例降至50%。当时戴威没有露面,是于信给出了一个不太有说服力的解释:“这并非裁员,而是重新梳理团队。”自那以后,ofo裁员、搬迁、资金链断裂等坏消息接踵而至,戴威始终没有发声。11月初,ofo北京总部离开了因入驻过新浪、百度等多家公司而被视为“风水宝地”的理想国际大厦,“龟缩”到原本海外部门所在的一隅。总部人员计划逐步缩减至300人以内,空工位越来越多,散伙饭越吃越勤,有员工每周一去公司,都会在钉钉上问关系好的同事还在不在。11月14日,连续数月没有消息的戴威重新出在办公室,跟在场员工开了一个时长一个半小时的内部会议,坦承“我错了”,他说曾想过放弃,因为确实没钱了,但最终还是选择坚持下去。戴威的发言被员工视为“鼓舞士气,重新出发”。“ofo不会倒闭,其他都有可能。”他丢下了一句有无限想象空间的话,并未透露ofo是否已拿到新融资。有内部员工告诉AI财经社:“戴老板看起来精神状态不错,他要重振旗鼓了。”但直到那一刻,人们才确信,在与资本的角力中一向以“独立英雄”和精神领袖角色示人的戴威,在看不到尽头的漫长暗夜中曾试图抢先放手离开。11月28日,戴威发表一封内部信,宣布ofo进行全新的组织架构调整和升级,推动企业文化和价值观建设。“所谓危机,就是危险和机遇的并存,只有在最危险的时候才能真正让我们破釜沉舟、向死而生。当你认为它是危险,那么危险已经来临,当你认为它是机遇,那么机遇即将到来!”他在信中写道,“在最困难的时候,我们仍需坚守信念,哪怕是跪着也要活下去,只要活着,我们就有希望。”他一如既往地慷慨陈词,高喊口号,鼓励自己“脸书也曾经差点卖掉,留着最后一口气,也许就能把握下一个机会”。可谁都知道,这位出身优渥、学历光鲜的创业者早已在为自己谋求退路。AI财经社从知情人士获悉,戴威已在新加坡成立了一家区块链公司,多名原ofo老员工投身其中,并已积累相关资金以备不时之需。ofo还活着,只是希望在哪儿?依然坚守在ofo的员工也开始动摇。一位ofo内部员工告诉AI财经社,戴威11月回到ofo的时候,他真的准备再跟着老戴大干一场。但时至今日,他已经准备年底换个环境了,跟他有同样想法的员工也不在少数。如今,泡沫散尽,众人离场,一心想掌控全局的戴威又回到ofo孤独的聚光灯下。他也许还有卷土重来的本钱,可摆在ofo面前的,只有那条前途多舛、命运难卜的崎岖小路。05ofo可能真的没钱了近一年多时间,深陷缺钱危机的ofo正在进入一个恶性循环。早在去年6月,由于没有找到新的投资方“续命”,原本已经谈好的7亿美元融资在董事会层面上被卡住,ofo就开始陷入了供应链危机。当时每天夜里3点,戴威都会准时收到本科室友、分管供应链的薛鼎的电话,“供应商坐在办公室不走,要闹事了,今天一定要付钱,要不明天上新闻了!”接近ofo核心高层的人士向网易科技透露,当时ofo一度背负着十几亿元的巨额债务,戴威只能跑到各个“爸爸”的办公室里“哭求”,请他们签字放行融资。目前,上海凤凰、富士达、飞鸽等早已停产小黄车,单车电池的供应也已经停止半年之久。8月31日,凤凰自行车因被拖欠6815万元货款,将ofo一纸诉状送上了法庭。曾计划向凤凰自行车采购至少500万辆单车的ofo,只完成了不到40%的订单,还拖欠大量货款。当初在全国大小城市铺下的小黄车,有相当一部分被锁进“单车坟场”,留下数亿吨计的废铁,5元一辆都没人要。今年9月,为讨要运输款,百世物流一纸诉状将ofo告上法庭。而早在百世物流之前,ofo就已经与德邦物流、云鸟物流等多家物流供应商展开谈判寻求欠款解决方案。有物流商表示,从2017年9月、10月开始,ofo的回款速度就慢了很多,与物流公司、生产商、维修厂之间均有欠款,金额达上亿元。理想国际大厦的保安此前透露,ofo供应商来催账的现象并不稀奇,还有催款人在大楼前拉横幅甚至报警。与ofo私下展开秘密谈判的云鸟物流内部人士告诉财经网:“与ofo的谈判非常吃力,它可能真的没钱了,谈判只能慢慢推进。”供应商大面积终止合作,直接影响了ofo的运维和用户体验。一位共享单车业内人士告诉AI财经社,线下运维成本太高,一辆单车从北京五环外重新运进城的成本其实远远超出骑行费用,收缩运营是止损操作。今年12月9日,摩拜单车开始将运营区域从六环外收缩至五环内,用户将车骑出运营区域将收取5元调度管理费。一位摩拜单车的物流供应商告诉AI财经社,要维持共享单车的线下运维需要一支庞大的队伍,仅他知道的跟摩拜合作的物流公司就不下5家。据他透露,ofo目前的运维工作大部分都是由蹬三轮的个人在维护,几乎没有大的物流公司跟ofo合作。尽管这一说法并未得到ofo方面确认,不过小黄车数量急剧减少,坏车越来越多,热点区域的共享单车从橙蓝黄3色逐渐演变成橙色和蓝色为主导。为缓解紧张的资金链压力,除了取消大部分城市的芝麻信用免押金活动、拖延押金退款进程、诱导用户将押金转为余额、年卡或网贷平台资金等,ofo还通过上线短视频广告、将自行车“变身”广告位、在公众号上为“三无”微商产品发软文等方式“找钱”。种种举动,被网友评价为“饥不择食”“想钱想疯了”。近日,不少用户发现ofo疑似涨价,新的计费规则和名目扑朔迷离,而且屡屡出现程序错误。按照ofo此前公布的计费规则,小黄车的骑行费用为每小时1元,学生0.5元。微博网友“不过三米”发现,自己只骑了不到1公里,就显示收费4元,其中包含起步价1元,以及4分钟的时长费3.2元和1.3公里的折旧费0.6元。另一位网友也在骑小黄车上班时发现,不到3公里的路程收费8元,其中“行程原价”3元,还莫名多出了5元的“调度费”。网友“杰少201301”注意到,ofo官方App上显示,他6分钟骑行了1900多公里,收费6元,几乎和出租车的收费齐平。一位ofo用户告诉AI财经社,他在App中充值20元,但只骑了4次就显示欠费1.3元,想继续使用只能继续充值。更让用户不满的是,不仅在街头巷尾寻找一辆没坏的小黄车越来越难,而且每次扫二维码遇到坏车都会被扣费。ofo内部员工透露,小黄车损耗率至少20%,修车师傅每天都有修不完的坏车,以至于网上出现了“10辆ofo 9辆坏,还有1辆骑不快”的段子。市民赵先生告诉AI财经社,他曾在东直门连续4次遇到坏车,被扣费4元。客服人员在电话中表示,ofo的规则是先行扣费,由运维人员实地确认后再把多扣的费用退还给用户,但关于如何确认语焉不详。数百用户寒风中排队,等待退押金的照片传遍网络后,更多ofo用户前往互联网金融中心。栏杆取代了条幅将人群划分成有秩序的队伍;物业专门贴出告示,指引员工走另外的通道前往各自办公楼层;ofo做了专门的线上退款流程指引,摆放在互联网金融中心门口。12月17日晚,沉寂已久的ofo小黄车公众号发表公告,称后台会根据申请提交的顺序进行信息审核与收集,并按顺序退款。在这篇阅读量迅速突破10万的文章下,ofo放出了近百条为其加油打气的正面评论。“我前两个月刚定了包一年的198元,押金我也不退。你们好好管理,永远办下去。”一位用户在留言中写道。一切都井然有序,但没有人知道,如果0到3个工作日之后,押金还没有到账,或者更长时间后,超过1000万用户的退款申请还在无限期等待中,这场声势浩大的“2018年ofo车友会”要如何收场?用户集体离场,会成为压垮ofo的最后一根稻草吗?文中阿秀、佳琪、江河、立文、方俊为化名hua zhong dian 1ofo de APP shang pai dui deng dai tui ya jin de yong hu yi jing lei ji chao guo 1000 wan. zhe yi shu zi hai zai yi ji hu mei fen zhong yi wan ren de su du chi xu zeng jia. 2ofo nei bu ren shi tou lu, dai wei cong B lun rong zi qi jiu bu ceng zhu dong zhao guo tou zi, dou shi zi fang zhao shang men lai. qian lai de tai shun, ye shao de tai kuai, rang zhe ge nian qing gong si de ji hu suo you ren dou shao hong le yan. 3 jin nian 1 yue 8 ri zhao kai de ofo nian hui shang, dai wei hai kang kai ji ang di ti chu xin de yi nian yao ba zong yong hu zuo dao 3 yi, zong ying shou zuo dao 100 yi yuan de mu biao." guo wan chun jie jiu bian le. ting gong si li de ren shuo, qian jin bu lai le." 4 dai wei yi zai xin jia po cheng li le yi jia qu kuai lian gong si, duo ming yuan ofo lao yuan gong tou shen qi zhong, bing yi ji lei xiang guan zi jin yi bei bu shi zhi xu. zhuan wen AI cai jing she wang meng gao pei jun bian ji zhang shuo ofo zheng zai yi rou yan ke jian de su du bei ta de yong hu men pao qi. jie zhi fa gao, ofo de APP shang pai dui deng dai tui ya jin de yong hu yi jing lei ji chao guo 1000 wan. zhe yi shu zi hai zai yi ji hu mei fen zhong yi wan ren de su du chi xu zeng jia. jin yi zao qi yong hu mei ren 99 yuan de ya jin ji suan, ofo zhi shao yao wei ci zhi fu 10 yi yuan. zai ofo wei yu zhong guan cun hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin de zong bu, cong 12 yue 17 ri zao shang 8 dian kai shi, jiu yi jing bei shang men tao yao ya jin de yong hu" wei gong". dui wu chang du cong da tang yan shen dao hu lian wang zhong xin men kou 10 mi 20 mi, shen zhi yi du wan yan zhi dan leng jie shang jin bai mi, pai dui jin ru da sha de shi jian ye cong 1 ge xiao shi bian cheng le zui zhang 3 ge xiao shi. zai dai wei de she xiang zhong, 2018 nian hui shi ofo de da gan zhi nian, dan shi shi shang, zhe ge 2018 nian dui yu zheng ge ofo tuan dui, kan ke er you jian nan. cong zi ben chong er lun wei shi chang qi er, yi jing bei zi ben he gong ying shang pao qi de ofo ru he ao guo zhe ge han dong? 01" qu ofo zong bu yao qian!" ru guo bu shi shu bai ren ju ji zai zhong guan cun hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin men kou, 12 yue 17 ri yuan ben zhi shi yi ge ping chang de xing qi yi. bao jie yuan a xiu zui xian gan jue dao zhe yi tian gen wang chang bu tai yi yang. hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin de dian ti gao feng qi yi ban zai 8 dian ban dao 9 dian yi ke, dan zhe yi tian cong 8 dian kai shi, A zuo tong wang gao ceng de san bu dian ti jiu you ren zai pai dui, er qie bu shao ren kan qi lai bu xiang shi lai shang ban de. ta men hui wen qian tai huo zhe bao an, xiao huang che shi zai 5 lou ma? tui ya jin shi cong zhe li shang qu ma? hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin da tang de lou ceng dao yin tu shang, B qu 5 ceng ci qian biao zhu de shi" ofo xiao huang che", dan a xiu ji bu qing chu cong shen me shi hou kai shi, zhe ge ming zi jiu cong lou ceng dao yin tu shang" xiao shi" le. cong 8 dian ban kai shi, yao da cheng dian ti shang wu lou bian de yu fa jian nan. yue lai yue duo de ren ju ji, shang ban de ren he qian wang ofo zong bu yao ya jin de ren zha dui zai da tang li, suo you ren dou xiang wang li jin. da sha bao an zai dian ti kou she zhi le jing jie xian. yao shang wu lou bi xu pai dui, yi ci zhi yun xu 15 ge ren jin ru, zhe qia hao shi yi bu dian ti neng gou cheng zai de rong liang. ping jun qi dao ba fen zhong neng you yi pi ren bei yun xu cheng zuo dian ti jin ru wu lou. xia wu liang dian ban, bei jing de shi wai wen du 5 du, wu feng wu wu mai. dang jia qi bao zhe liang sui duo de nv er chu xian zai pai dui ren qun zhong shi, zhan zai ta qian hou de ren bu dan ding le." da ren shou zhe fen zui mei shi, bie gei hai zi dong zhe le." dang zhi dao jia qi he ta lao gong cong ma ju qiao zuo liang ge duo xiao shi di tie gan lai tui ya jin shi, zhan zai dui wu pang bian de yi wei zhong nian nan ren lian lian gan tan," zhen niu, zhen niu, dong liu huan dao bei si huan, zheng zheng shi huan." jia qi de ya jin shi 199 kuai qian," yao shi neng tui duo hao, neng gei hai zi mai dian chi de. bu mai chi de, zai jia ji shi kuai qian, ye neng mai yi guan nai fen." jia qi yi ge yue qian jiu zai xian shang shen qing le tui kuan. 12 yue 14 ri xia wu, jia qi cong xin wen APP shang kan dao yi ze bao dao, bei jing shi min lai ofo zong bu shen qing tui ya jin, xian chang jiu na dao tui kuan le. zai jia dai hai zi de jia qi you zhe chong zu de shi jian, ta bei peng you" an pai" xian lai da qian zhan, ru guo neng tui ta men zai qing jia lai tui kuan. ban ge yue qian jia qi ye shen qing ba mo bai 299 yuan de ya jin gei tui le. jin guan mo bai de ya jin hen shun li jiu dao zhang le, dan jia qi yi jing bu xiang zai yong ren he gong xiang dan che le." qian chong jin qu rong yi, zai na chu lai jiu tai nan le." shen chuan bai se yu rong fu, dai zhe er ji, na zhe yi zhang A4 zhi nian nian you ci de li wen zai pai dui ren qun zhong xian de hen" zha yan". ta shi yi ming zai xiao da xue sheng, xia wu liang dian duo cong wu dao kou gan dao ofo zong bu. yin wei ming tian yao zai ke tang shang zuo yi ge ying wen de yan jiang, ta chen pai dui de shi jian bei song ming tian yao yong dao de nei rong. dui yu neng bu neng tui ya jin ta xian de yi chang dan ding," neng gou tui zui hao, bu neng tui ye mei shi, qian ye bu duo." li wen shi ofo zao qi yong hu, jiao na de ya jin shi 99 yuan. pai zai li wen qian mian di fang jun shi yi ming da si xue sheng, xue xiao zai wei gong cun, ju li hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin liang zhan di tie. gen li wen yi yang, ta ye shi ofo de zao qi yong hu. 2016 nian ofo gang kai shi zai da xue tou fang de shi hou, fang jun jiu kai shi yong xiao huang che. zai ta de yin xiang zhong, zao qi de ofo fei chang hao qi, deng dao ofo chu le xiao yuan xiang she hui tou fang de shi hou, yu dao huai che de gai lv jiu da le hao duo. zhu zai zhong guan cun fu jin de yi dui zhong nian fu fu, ta men shi kai che lai tui ya jin de. qi zi jiu zhan zai li wen hou mian, zhang fu ze si chu liu da, fu ze shou ji zui xin xiao xi. zhan le ban ge xiao shi, zhang fu kai shi man yuan qi zi, tui de qian dou bu gou ting che fei de, lai zhe er gan ma? shen chu feng bao zhong xin de ofo, que xian de yi chang ping jing. xia wu 4 dian ban zuo you, ofo xiao huang che xian chang gong zuo ren yuan biao shi, tui ya jin ye wu ban li yan chang zhi wan shang 10 dian, zhi dao wan shang qi dian hai you yi bai yu ren pai dui. 17 ri wan jian, ofo zai qi wei xin gong zhong hao ti shi, xian shang shen qing tui ya jin yu xian chang pai dui tui ya jin yi yang. AI cai jing she liao jie dao, zai ofo zong bu pai dui ye bing bu neng zhi jie na dao tui kuan, pai dui san si ge xiao shi jin ru ofo ban gong shi ye zhi shi deng ji zhu ce ofo de shou ji hao ma he zhi fu bao zhang hao, gong zuo ren yuan cheng nuo zai 03 ge gong zuo ri nei jiang ya jin tui zhi zhi fu bao zhang hao. jin guan ru ci, reng ran you bu shao yong hu xuan ze pai dui tao yao shuo fa. zai wang luo jiao yi she qu xian yu shang, xiu jue ling min de mai jia kai zhan le" ren rou dai tui ya jin" fu wu, jia ge cong 0. 01 yuan dao 99 yuan bu deng. you ren biao jia 9. 9 yuan chu shou" tui ya jin jiao cheng", you ren zi cheng" xian xia chun shou gong bo hao, xian shang san si ge fu wu duan pai hao", ya jin 99 yuan de shou fei 40 yuan, ya jin 199 yuan de shou fei 99 yuan, bing cheng nuo" bu cheng gong quan e tui". yi wei biao jia 20 yuan de mai jia gao su AI cai jing she, ta 17 ri yi da zao jiu lai dao ofo zong bu pai dui, hen kuai jiu ban wan le deng ji. bu guo, ci qian yi you duo ming wang you yin dai tui ya jin ye wu bei pian. 02 ta you zhe me duo qian tui ya jin ma? gong xiang dan che qi ye zou dao bei yong hu zhui zhe yao ya jin zhe yi bu, ofo bu shi di yi jia. zhe shi jiang he jing li de di er ci pai dui tui ya jin de qing kuang. shang yi ci shi 2017 nian de 11 yue, ta cong fang shan qian wang bei jing tong zhou wan da guang chang de ku qi dan che zong bu, pai dui shen qing tui ya jin. 17 ri zao shang 10: 20, jiang he dao da hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin de shi hou, xian chang yi jing you san si bai ren zai pai dui." zhe zhen de bu suan duo de, qu ku qi na ci, zhi shao you ji qian ren ba, xian chang dou yao da jia de." jiang he ji hu yong guo chu xian zai bei jing de suo you gong xiang dan che, ku qi yi bu yong che xiao lan dan che ofo mo bai dan che ha luo dan che. 2017 nian 3 yue dao 4 yue jian, jiang he xian hou liang ci xiang ofo shen qing tui ya jin, dou shi ji shi dao zhang, zhe rang ta jue de ofo hai shi hen ke kao de, bu shi" ge jiu cai pian ya jin". zi 2017 nian 5 yue zai ci jiao na ya jin hou, yi nian duo shi jian li, ta zai ye mei you shen qing tui huan ya jin, zhi dao ofo pin pin chuan chu zi jin lian kun nan de xiao xi. jin nian 10 yue 29 ri, jiang he zai xian shen qing tui kuan, ye mian ti shi shi 015 ge gong zuo ri tui kuan dao zhang, dan dou dao le 12 yue, tui kuan reng ran mei you dao zhang. ta kan dao mei ti bao dao xian chang ke yi tui ya jin, ye jue ding lai shi yi shi. jiang he ti qi tui kuan shen qing cao zuo ye mian jin guan pai dui ren shu zhong duo, hai you da ma gen wei chi zhi xu de jing cha bao an fa sheng zheng zhi, xian chang chao nao bu duan. dan jiang he shuo, zhe zhi xu bi ku qi na shi hou hao duo le. jiang he gao su AI cai jing she, dan fan xiao huang che neng gou zhao de zhao ke yi qi, ta dou bu hui tui kuan." xian zai de wen ti shi, wo gen ben zhao bu dao ke yi qi de xiao huang che, xiang dang yu wo hua qian mai bu dao ni de fu wu, na wo liu zhe ni gan ma ne?" huai che tai duo, zhao bu zhao che, shi bu shao ren xuan ze tui ya jin de yuan yin zhi yi. yao jie jue zhei xie wen ti, yi zhi qiang da de yun wei tuan dui bi bu ke shao. an zhao ofo ci qian gong bu de ren che pei bi, mei 50 liang che pei bei 1 ming xian xia yun wei ren yuan. zi 2017 nian 4 yue, ofo kai shi da gui mo zhao mu xian xia yun wei ren yuan. dan zhe bu fen ren yuan dou shu yu ofo de" fei he xin ren yuan", zai qian ding he tong shi, jun cai yong lao wu pai qian huo ren li wai bao de fang shi wei tuo di san fang ren li zi yuan gong si shi xing zhao mu. zai ofo chuan chu zi jin lian jin zhang xiao xi hou, zhei xie" bian wai ren yuan" zui xian bei ti chu ju. cong 2018 nian 3 yue kai shi, quan guo duo di lu xu bao chu ofo tuo qian yun wei gong zi de shi jian. jin nian 11 yue, AI cai jing she ji zhe ceng jiu xian xia yun wei ren yuan shi fou jian shao xiang ofo gong guan ren yuan qiu zheng, dui fang biao shi xian xia yun wei tuan dui yi zhi zai gong zuo. dan yi wei ofo li zhi yuan gong gao su AI cai jing she, 11 yue shang xun ofo ban li li xiang da sha qi jian, hai you yun wei ren yuan shang men tao yao gong zi. bing fei suo you jiao na guo ya jin de yong hu dou you na dao qian de ji hui. you yi ming ofo yong hu jiang 199 yuan de ya jin zhuan cheng le yu e ofo ci qian tui chu de huo dong, ya jin zhuan cheng yu e hou ke xiang shou mian ya jin qi xing, li lun shang zhe bi qian jiu yi jing bu shi ya jin le, dan zhe ming yong hu yi zai yao qiu," rang ni men lao ban chu lai, jin tian bi xu gei wo tui kuan". gei ta ban li deng ji de nv xing gong zuo ren yuan ji mei you hui ying ta, ye mei you xiang tong ban xun qiu bang zhu, er shi xuan ze chen mo ying dui. ofo ban gong shi nei, gong zuo ren yuan zheng zai deng ji yong hu xin xi jin guan yi jing deng ji wan xin xi, dan da duo shu ren bing mei you gan jue dao kai xin," zhe me duo ren tui kuan, ofo you zhe me duo qian ma?" zhe ge dan you bing fei qi ren you tian. 10 yue 31 ri lai zi jie mian di bao dao cheng, yi fen yue ban nian qian ofo de fu zhai biao xian shi, bi shi, ofo zheng ti fu zhai wei 64. 96 yi yuan, qi zhong bao kuo yong hu ya jin 36. 50 yi yuan. you jie jin ofo nei bu de ren shi gao su AI cai jing she, ru ci da gui mo de yong hu yao qiu tui ya jin, ofo mu qian de zi jin zhuang kuang ken ding wu fa cheng dan. ci qian, you mei ti bao dao cheng" ofo nuo yong ya jin huo chao bai yi", ofo dui wai hui ying cheng, nuo yong ya jin wei bu shi xiao xi, qie bu fu he gong xiang dan che hang ye ji ben shang ye luo ji. bu guo, yi wei gong xiang chu xing hang ye chuang shi ren gao su AI cai jing she, nuo yong ya jin ji hu shi ye nei gong kai de mi mi. qi xing fei yong lian zui ji ben de yun ying zhi chu dou bu neng da ping, yi dan tou zi ren bu yuan yi zai tao qian, que fa zao xie neng li de gong xiang dan che qi ye yao huo xia qu, zhi you zhe yi tiao lu." zhei xie yong hu de ya jin you ren guan ma? mei you ren guan, shuo shi you yin hang tuo guan, you shui qu cha guo zhei xie ya jin jiu jing zai na li? hai bu shi zuo shou dao you shou." cheng nuo qu nian 7 yue di ya jin quan bu tui hui de ting ting dan che yi ye jian ren qu lou kong, qian yong hu 3000 duo wan yuan ya jin wei hai, guo qu kai ka yan shang ban de fu er dai chuang shi ren ding wei lang dang ru yu. bei di di fu huo de xiao lan dan che zhuan yi le zi chan, que mei you tian shang ju da de ya jin hei dong, zhi shi bei zhuan hua cheng le di di quan. ye nei ren shi gu ji, xiao lan dan che ya jin chi de gui mo zai 15 yi yuan yi shang, hai tuo qian zhi shao 10 yi yuan gong ying shang qian kuan. jin nian 8 yue 11 ri, xiao ming dan che xuan bu po chan, gong si zhang hu shang jin sheng 35 wan duo yuan, bei 11 wan ming yong hu yi tuo qian 2000 yu wan yuan ya jin wei you gao shang fa ting, hai tuo qian yuan gong he gong ying shang qian kuan 3540 duo wan yuan. ofo de ya jin qu le na li huo xu zhi you dai wei qing chu, ke yi ken ding de shi, ofo yi jing bu zai cheng nuo 03 ge gong zuo ri wan cheng tui kuan shen qing. AI cai jing she liao jie dao, you ofo gong zuo ren yuan dui xian chang pai dui tui kuan de yong hu biao shi, 17 ri zai zong bu tian xie biao ge de yong hu, hui zai cheng nuo ri qi nei tui kuan, er 18 ri kai shi pai hao tui kuan de yong hu ze an pai hao ci xu, shun xu tui kuan, mei ri ling dian pai wei hao ma jiang hui geng xin. 03 zi ben li chang hong hong lie lie de feng kou zai wang qian mai yi bu, ye xu jiu shi shen bu jian di de xuan ya. ji gu chuan hua de you xi jie shu le, xiu jue yi chang ling min de zi ben, bi yong hu geng zao yi bu tao li ru jin mian lin jiong jing de ofo. jie zhi mu qian, ofo de shang yi lun rong zi hai ting liu zai jin nian 3 yue a li ba ba ling tou de 8. 66 yi mei yuan E lun rong zi, na shi ofo yong he xin zi chan gong xiang dan che zuo wei zhi ya wu huan lai de. sao ma qi che qian 15 miao de shi pin guang gao, wei" san wu" chan pin fa ruan wen, jiang ya jin zhuan zhi P2P ping tai dan fan you ke neng chou dao qian de fang shi, ofo ji hu dou chang shi guo le, yi ran zhi neng ku ku zhi cheng, mian qiang wei xi. zai gong xiang dan che bei cheng wei zhong guo" xin si da fa ming" ren men man huai zan tan di tiao kan" yan se bu gou yong" de liang nian qian, mei you ren hui yu liao dao zhe yang qi liang de chang mian. gang chuang ye rong zi shi, dai wei jue de zi ben neng tou qian jiu shi en de, lian tiao kuan dou bu tan. dan sui zhe gong xiang dan che feng kou ri sheng, zi ben zheng xian kong hou di yi yong er shang, 2016 nian nian di, gong xiang dan che ling yu jin huo de rong zi de ru ju zhe jiu you 20 yu jia. ye nei ren shi gu suan, zheng ge gong xiang dan che ling yu zhe ji nian yi jing shao diao le chao guo bai yi mei yuan. zeng shen yu guo dui di di tou zi de liu yi ran ru shi miao shu dang shi de sheng kuang:" ru guo ni ren bu zai bei jing, ji ben shang jiu tou bu jin qu le." bei tou zi ren zhong xing peng yue de dai wei xin tai ye kai shi fa sheng wei miao de bian hua, jue de gan en zi ben" shi yi zhong ruo shi", shen zhi ren wei" zi ben shi lai zheng qian de, gei ta yi ge zheng qian de ji hui". ofo nei bu ren shi tou lu, dai wei cong B lun rong zi qi jiu bu ceng zhu dong zhao guo tou zi, dou shi zi fang zhao shang men lai. qian lai de tai shun, ye shao de tai kuai, rang zhe ge nian qing gong si de ji hu suo you ren dou shao hong le yan. ju yuan gong tou lu, jing li guo da da xiao xiao 10 lun rong zi de ofo zuo huo dong bu ji cheng ben, fa kuai di zhi yong shun feng, chi ju zi qian yue lu han, shen zhi hua qian ming ming le yi ke wei xing. dang shi, ofo guan li ceng yi ren yi liang mu ma ren, yi ge qu yu yun ying yi ge yue jiu neng tan wu shu wan yuan, nian hui shang bei jiang li 4 ge yue gong zi de 10 wei" you xiu yuan gong", duan duan yi ge yue hou jiu you 3 ren yin shu ju zuo jia he tan wu bei kai chu. na shi gong xiang dan che zui hou de feng guang shi ke. cong qu nian xia ban nian kai shi, qing shi ji zhuan zhi xia. chi chi zhao bu dao ke chi xu de ying li fang shi, gong xiang dan che zai zi ben li ting xia feng kuang za qian qiang zhan shi chang de jie duan jin ru le wei sheng. chu le bei kao da shu hao cheng liang de mo bai dan che ha luo chu xing he qing ju dan che, gong xiang dan che yi jing you da ban nian mei you huo de zi ben fang de qing lai. cong qu nian xia ban nian kai shi, wu kong dan che ting ting dan che xiao lan dan che ku qi dan che 1 hao dan che deng shi shu jia di er san ti dui de chuang ye qi ye xiang ji jia ru le gong xiang dan che" si wang da jun" de hang lie, you de zhi huo le ban nian shi jian. yi wei ofo yuan gong ci qian xiang AI cai jing she tou lu, jin nian 1 yue 8 ri zhao kai de ofo nian hui shang, dai wei hai kang kai ji ang di ti chu xin de yi nian yao ba zong yong hu zuo dao 3 yi, zong ying shou zuo dao 100 yi yuan de mu biao." guo wan chun jie jiu bian le. ting gong si li de ren shuo, qian jin bu lai le." qu nian 9 yue, ruan yin wan cheng le dui ofo de tou zi jin diao, zui zhong jue ding fang qi, ofo qi dai yi jiu de 10 yi mei yuan rong zi luo le kong. tong nian 12 yue, dang chu li ting dai wei de zhu xiao hu jiang ofo de gu fen quan bu mai gei le a li ba ba, tao xian 30 duo yi mei yuan qiao qiao li chang. na shi, ofo yu mo bai shao qian kuo zhang de la ju zhan yi da dao bai re hua jie duan, ceng xuan cheng yao" 3 ge yue jie shu zhan zheng" de zhu xiao hu zhuan le kou feng, kai shi ming li an li di cuo he ofo he mo bai, ren wei" wei you he bing cai you chu lu". dan xin gao qi ao de dai wei zhi xiang du zi zhang kong ju mian, ding zhe zhu duo tou zi ren de ya li ju jue le zhe yi ti yi. tui dong liang qiang he bing de chang shi shi bai hou, tou zi ren yu fa shou jin le qian dai. cong jin nian 4 yue kai shi, sui ran ofo fang mian lv ci chu mian zhan ding jie tie di pi yao, dan guan yu ofo jiang yao" mai shen" di di de chuan yan reng ran pu tian gai di, ji hu mei ge ban ge yue jiu shua yi ci ping. zi 2016 nian 9 yue C lun rong zi yi lai, lian xu duo lun tou zi de di di ji shen ofo zui da gu dong, ye cheng wei duo ci bei dai wei gong kai gan xie de" gui ren". dan you yu di di shi tu qu de ofo kong zhi quan, dai wei ze ren wei dui fang" yao de tai duo", shuang fang shi zhong wu fa da cheng yi zhi, di di pai zhu dao ofo de 3 ming gao guan ye bei dai wei" qiang zhi xiu jia". AI cai jing she ci qian liao jie dao, wei le ping heng di di zai ofo zhong de quan li, ofo hai ceng zhuan xiang a li xun qiu zhi yuan, bing de dao le yi bi yue 10 yi mei yuan de tou zi, dan yong you yi piao fou jue quan de di di ju jue qian zi, zhi shi zhe bi qian chi chi wei neng dao zhang. bei zi ben" duan liang" chang da ban nian duo zi shen you mei you zao xie neng li de ofo, zui zhong zou dao le shan qiong shui jin de jing di. qu nian 12 yue 7 ri, ofo zao qi tou zi ren wang gang zai di shi qi jie zhong guo gu quan tou zi nian du lun tan shang biao tai, ren wei zao qi gong xiang dan che cun zai e xing jing zheng, bu fen chao e tou fang de dan che shi yong lv bu zu, qi ye shou bu dao qian, shi yi ge hen wei xian de xin hao," you ke neng ya jin tui bu hui lai le, you ke neng gong si jiu mei le", zui zhong" da de ting re nao de, jian le yi shen xue". yi yu cheng chen. zi ben ru chao shui ban xiong yong er lai, rang feng kou zhi shang de nong chao er nan mian you xie piao piao ran you ru chao shui ban zhou ran tui qu, zhi liu xia yi di ji mao he gu ling ling di ge qian zai sha tan shang de ofo, du zi ju jue bei pao qi de ku guo. 04 yao bai di dang jia ren zui hou yi ci jie shou a li tou zi hou, xi ri feng guang wu xian de dai wei kai shi you yi shi di duo bi mei ti he gong zhong de shi xian. shi shi shang, zai jing guo le yi xi lie zi jiu shi bai du li wu wang rong zi jian nan zhi hou, dai wei yi ran xuan ze fang qi ofo. zhe ge chuang ye jin liang nian jiu ji shen 2017 nian fu bu si 80 hou bai fu bang di 18 wei de nian qing ren bi hu wei wei xin qi geng gao, ta de meng xiang shi rang ofo cheng wei he Google yi yang ying xiang shi jie de qi ye. ju ofo yuan gong tou lu, dai wei ji hua zai shang shi shi da shang bei da shi xiong song gei ta de ling dai, shen zhi xiang hao le qiao zhong shi yao fa biao de" huo jiang gan yan". ren sheng nan de yu shang yi ci yu ming yun dui du de ji hui. zheng ru yi wei jie jin dai wei de tou zi ren suo shuo," dang ni gan shang le zhe tao tao hong liu, yi dan fang qi zai xiang zhua zhu zhe yang de ji hui jiu hen nan le." ta xi wang zi ben" li jie chuang ye zhe de li xiang he jue xin", rang ofo du li fa zhan, dan you jue de" you shi hou hai shi bu neng tai leng". jin nian 3 yue, dai wei jie shou mei ti cai fang shi shou ci song kou biao shi" yi qie jie you ke neng", dan shi tai xian ran yi chao chu le ta de kong zhi. ci yue, mo bai zuo jia 27 yi mei yuan wei shen mei tuan, shuang fang he bing de tan pan zhuo bei che di xian fan. ofo chuang shi ren dai wei jin nian 5 yue de yuan gong hui shang, dai wei jiang ofo xian zhuang bi zuo le dian ying zhi an shi ke zhong qiu ji er mian lin de chu jing, bing xiang yuan gong biao shi:" ru guo bu yuan yi zhan dou dao zui hou, xian zai jiu ke yi tui chu." xing shi yue lai yue zao gao, zhe ge yan yu wen tun biao qing dan mo de nian qing ren kai shi yi shi dao," zhe ge shi qing bu shi wo neng jue ding de". 10 yue xia xun, ofo yun ying zhu ti dong xia da tong bei jing guan li zi xun you xian gong si de fa ren dai biao qiao ran huan cheng le 5 hao yuan gong chen zheng jiang, dai wei fang fu ping kong xiao shi le. zai ta xiao sheng ni ji de zhe duan shi jian li, yu xin ji hu cheng le ofo dui wai fa sheng wei yi de" chuan sheng tong". yi wei nei bu yuan gong gao su AI cai jing she, dai wei bu zai gong si de zhe duan shi jian, ofo de dui wai shi yi du shi lian he chuang shi ren yu xin zai fu ze. jin nian 6 yue, ofo jiang yun wei ren yuan cong 1. 2 wan ren suo jian zhi 9000 ren, zong bu yuan gong bi li jiang zhi 50. dang shi dai wei mei you lou mian, shi yu xin gei chu le yi ge bu tai you shuo fu li de jie shi:" zhe bing fei cai yuan, er shi chong xin shu li tuan dui." zi na yi hou, ofo cai yuan ban qian zi jin lian duan lie deng huai xiao xi jie zhong er zhi, dai wei shi zhong mei you fa sheng. 11 yue chu, ofo bei jing zong bu li kai le yin ru zhu guo xin lang bai du deng duo jia gong si er bei shi wei" feng shui bao di" de li xiang guo ji da sha," gui suo" dao yuan ben hai wai bu men suo zai de yi yu. zong bu ren yuan ji hua zhu bu suo jian zhi 300 ren yi nei, kong gong wei yue lai yue duo, san huo fan yue chi yue qin, you yuan gong mei zhou yi qu gong si, dou hui zai ding ding shang wen guan xi hao de tong shi hai zai bu zai. 11 yue 14 ri, lian xu shu yue mei you xiao xi de dai wei chong xin chu zai ban gong shi, gen zai chang yuan gong kai le yi ge shi zhang yi ge ban xiao shi de nei bu hui yi, tan cheng" wo cuo le", ta shuo ceng xiang guo fang qi, yin wei que shi mei qian le, dan zui zhong hai shi xuan ze jian chi xia qu. dai wei de fa yan bei yuan gong shi wei" gu wu shi qi, chong xin chu fa"." ofo bu hui dao bi, qi ta dou you ke neng." ta diu xia le yi ju you wu xian xiang xiang kong jian de hua, bing wei tou lu ofo shi fou yi na dao xin rong zi. you nei bu yuan gong gao su AI cai jing she:" dai lao ban kan qi lai jing shen zhuang tai bu cuo, ta yao chong zhen qi gu le." dan zhi dao na yi ke, ren men cai que xin, zai yu zi ben de jue li zhong yi xiang yi" du li ying xiong" he jing shen ling xiu jue se shi ren de dai wei, zai kan bu dao jin tou de man chang an ye zhong ceng shi tu qiang xian fang shou li kai. 11 yue 28 ri, dai wei fa biao yi feng nei bu xin, xuan bu ofo jin xing quan xin de zu zhi jia gou tiao zheng he sheng ji, tui dong qi ye wen hua he jia zhi guan jian she." suo wei wei ji, jiu shi wei xian he ji yu de bing cun, zhi you zai zui wei xian de shi hou cai neng zhen zheng rang wo men po fu chen zhou xiang si er sheng. dang ni ren wei ta shi wei xian, na me wei xian yi jing lai lin, dang ni ren wei ta shi ji yu, na me ji yu ji jiang dao lai!" ta zai xin zhong xie dao," zai zui kun nan de shi hou, wo men reng xu jian shou xin nian, na pa shi gui zhe ye yao huo xia qu, zhi yao huo zhe, wo men jiu you xi wang." ta yi ru ji wang di kang kai chen ci, gao han kou hao, gu li zi ji" lian shu ye zeng jing cha dian mai diao, liu zhe zui hou yi kou qi, ye xu jiu neng ba wo xia yi ge ji hui". ke shui dou zhi dao, zhe wei chu shen you wo xue li guang xian de chuang ye zhe zao yi zai wei zi ji mou qiu tui lu. AI cai jing she cong zhi qing ren shi huo xi, dai wei yi zai xin jia po cheng li le yi jia qu kuai lian gong si, duo ming yuan ofo lao yuan gong tou shen qi zhong, bing yi ji lei xiang guan zi jin yi bei bu shi zhi xu. ofo hai huo zhe, zhi shi xi wang zai na er? yi ran jian shou zai ofo de yuan gong ye kai shi dong yao. yi wei ofo nei bu yuan gong gao su AI cai jing she, dai wei 11 yue hui dao ofo de shi hou, ta zhen de zhun bei zai gen zhe lao dai da gan yi chang. dan shi zhi jin ri, ta yi jing zhun bei nian di huan ge huan jing le, gen ta you tong yang xiang fa de yuan gong ye bu zai shao shu. ru jin, pao mo san jin, zhong ren li chang, yi xin xiang zhang kong quan ju de dai wei you hui dao ofo gu du de ju guang deng xia. ta ye xu hai you juan tu chong lai de ben qian, ke bai zai ofo mian qian de, zhi you na tiao qian tu duo chuan ming yun nan bo de qi qu xiao lu. 05ofo ke neng zhen de mei qian le jin yi nian duo shi jian, shen xian que qian wei ji de ofo zheng zai jin ru yi ge e 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le fa ting. ceng ji hua xiang feng huang zi xing che cai gou zhi shao 500 wan liang dan che de ofo, zhi wan cheng liao bu dao 40 de ding dan, hai tuo qian da liang huo kuan. dang chu zai quan guo da xiao cheng shi pu xia de xiao huang che, you xiang dang yi bu fen bei suo jin" dan che fen chang", liu xia shu yi dun ji de fei tie, 5 yuan yi liang dou mei ren yao. jin nian 9 yue, wei tao yao yun shu kuan, bai shi wu liu yi zhi su zhuang jiang ofo gao shang fa ting. er zao zai bai shi wu liu zhi qian, ofo jiu yi jing yu de bang wu liu yun niao wu liu deng duo jia wu liu gong ying shang zhan kai tan pan xun qiu qian kuan jie jue fang an. you wu liu shang biao shi, cong 2017 nian 9 yue 10 yue kai shi, ofo de hui kuan su du jiu man le hen duo, yu wu liu gong si sheng chan shang wei xiu chang zhi jian jun you qian kuan, jin e da shang yi yuan. li xiang guo ji da sha de bao an ci qian tou lu, ofo gong ying shang lai cui zhang de xian xiang bing bu xi qi, hai you cui kuan ren zai da lou qian la heng fu shen zhi bao jing. yu ofo si xia zhan kai mi mi tan pan de yun niao wu liu nei bu ren shi gao su cai jing wang:" yu ofo de tan pan fei chang chi li, ta ke neng zhen de mei qian le, tan pan zhi neng man man tui jin." gong ying shang da mian ji zhong zhi he zuo, zhi jie ying xiang le ofo de yun wei he yong hu ti yan. yi wei gong xiang dan che ye nei ren shi gao su AI cai jing she, xian xia yun wei cheng ben tai gao, yi liang dan che cong bei jing wu huan wai chong xin yun jin cheng de cheng ben qi shi yuan yuan chao chu qi xing fei yong, shou suo yun ying shi zhi sun cao zuo. jin nian 12 yue 9 ri, mo bai dan che kai shi jiang yun ying qu yu cong liu huan wai shou suo zhi wu huan nei, yong hu jiang che qi chu yun ying qu yu jiang shou qu 5 yuan diao du guan li fei. yi wei mo bai dan che de wu liu gong ying shang gao su AI cai jing she, yao wei chi gong xiang dan che de xian xia yun wei xu yao yi zhi pang da de dui wu, jin ta zhi dao de gen mo bai he zuo de wu liu gong si jiu bu xia 5 jia. ju ta tou lu, ofo mu qian de yun wei gong zuo da bu fen dou shi you deng san lun de ge ren zai wei hu, ji hu mei you da de wu liu gong si gen ofo he zuo. jin guan zhe yi shuo fa bing wei de dao ofo fang mian que ren, bu guo xiao huang che shu liang ji ju jian shao, huai che yue lai yue duo, re dian qu yu de gong xiang dan che cong cheng lan huang 3 se zhu jian yan bian cheng cheng se he lan se wei zhu dao. wei huan jie jin zhang de zi jin lian ya li, chu le qu xiao da bu fen cheng shi de zhi ma xin yong mian ya jin huo dong tuo yan ya jin tui kuan jin cheng you dao yong hu jiang ya jin zhuan wei yu e nian ka huo wang dai ping tai zi jin deng, ofo hai tong guo shang xian duan shi pin guang gao jiang zi xing che" bian shen" guang gao wei zai gong zhong hao shang wei" san wu" wei shang chan pin fa ruan wen deng fang shi" zhao qian". zhong zhong ju dong, bei wang you ping jia wei" ji bu ze shi"" xiang qian xiang feng le". jin ri, bu shao yong hu fa xian ofo yi si zhang jia, xin de ji fei gui ze he ming mu pu shuo mi li, er qie lv lv chu xian cheng xu cuo wu. an zhao ofo ci qian gong bu de ji fei gui ze, xiao huang che de qi xing fei yong wei mei xiao shi 1 yuan, xue sheng 0. 5 yuan. wei bo wang you" bu guo san mi" fa xian, zi ji zhi qi liao bu dao 1 gong li, jiu xian shi shou fei 4 yuan, qi zhong bao han qi bu jia 1 yuan, yi ji 4 fen zhong de shi zhang fei 3. 2 yuan he 1. 3 gong li de zhe jiu fei 0. 6 yuan. ling yi wei wang you ye zai qi xiao huang che shang ban shi fa xian, bu dao 3 gong li de lu cheng shou fei 8 yuan, qi zhong" xing cheng yuan jia" 3 yuan, hai mo ming duo chu le 5 yuan de" diao du fei". wang you" jie shao 201301" zhu yi dao, ofo guan fang App shang xian shi, ta 6 fen zhong qi xing le 1900 duo gong li, shou fei 6 yuan, ji hu he chu zu che de shou fei qi ping. yi wei ofo yong hu gao su AI cai jing she, ta zai App zhong chong zhi 20 yuan, dan zhi qi le 4 ci jiu xian shi qian fei 1. 3 yuan, xiang ji xu shi yong zhi neng ji xu chong zhi. geng 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chu gao shi, zhi yin yuan gong zou ling wai de tong dao qian wang ge zi ban gong lou ceng ofo zuo le zhuan men de xian shang tui kuan liu cheng zhi yin, bai fang zai hu lian wang jin rong zhong xin men kou. 12 yue 17 ri wan, chen ji yi jiu de ofo xiao huang che gong zhong hao fa biao gong gao, cheng hou tai hui gen ju shen qing ti jiao de shun xu jin xing xin xi shen he yu shou ji, bing an shun xu tui kuan. zai zhe pian yue du liang xun su tu po 10 wan de wen zhang xia, ofo fang chu le jin bai tiao wei qi jia you da qi de zheng mian ping lun." wo qian liang ge yue gang ding le bao yi nian de 198 yuan, ya jin wo ye bu tui. ni men hao hao guan li, yong yuan ban xia qu." yi wei yong hu zai liu yan zhong xie dao. yi qie dou jing ran you xu, dan mei you ren zhi dao, ru guo dao 3 ge gong zuo ri zhi hou, ya jin hai mei you dao zhang, huo zhe geng zhang shi jian hou, chao guo 1000 wan yong hu de tui kuan shen qing hai zai wu xian qi deng dai zhong, zhe chang sheng shi hao da de" 2018 nian ofo che you hui" yao ru he shou chang? yong hu ji ti li chang, hui cheng wei ya kua ofo de zui hou yi gen dao cao ma? wen zhong a xiu jia qi jiang he li wen fang jun wei hua ming当前文章:http://www.gjjgwys.com/index.php/chanpinmulu-view-id-115.html发布时间:01:36:04
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莫天全:谨慎把握新浪财经引入房地产税的时间节点_____

    全国政协委员、方天全委万象城娱乐网址_蜘蛛资讯网员长莫天全谨慎把握房地产税引入的时间节点来源:2019年,每天都在编辑经济新闻,预祝房地产发展顺利。全国政协委员、方天全委员长莫天全提出如下建议:一是明确税法的定义,划定征收范围。目前,房地产税和房地产税的定义玩名堂_蜘蛛资讯网并不十分明确。“房地产税”和“房地产税”虽然只有一个词的区别,但也有区别。房地产税是一个综合性的概念。与房地产经济运行过程直接相关的各种税收属于房地产税。它是一个由十多种税种组成的税制。主要包括开发建设、房地产交易和维护三个环节。我国房地产税负结构的特点是“强调增量住房和减轻存量住房,强调开发、建设和交易环节,忽视保留环节”。房地产税自始至终都是整个房地产税制的重要组成部分,但由于它属于房屋所有制阶段的税种,对房屋所有制成本的影响较大,因而成为人们关注的焦点。建议税务机关明确房地产税的定义和征收方式,做好公众对房地产税的理解和理解,避免对房地产税的模糊理解甚至世嘉国际娱乐_蜘蛛资讯网误解。第二,谨慎把握房地产税引入时机,确保市场信心的保持。从国家调控房地产市场的角度来看,构建房地产市场长效机制是一项需要实施的政策。2018年以来,我国房地产市场调控正处于关键过渡期,完善长效机制落地。监管区域继续扩大,一市一策,差别调控。作为长效机制的主要内容之一,房地产税的出台时机似乎已经成熟。许多机构和媒趣博_蜘蛛资讯网体预测,今年内将出台房地产税。物业税迟早会出台,而且应该出台,这是钱多多游戏_蜘蛛资讯网大势所趋。但是,房地产税引入的时机应慎重考虑和把握。建议在经济形势好转、经济增长、房地产势头良好的情况下,税务机关应适时出台房地产税。在经济下行压力较大、考虑到供给侧结构性改革和去杠杆化的关键时刻,市场信心仍需持续提升。所有可能对国家信心和经济发展产生负面影响的政策,都应在这样一个关键时刻予以推迟。因此,建议税务机关认真把握房地产税征收时机,确保不影响市场信心,在市场信心较好的前提下征收房地产税,并逐步实行分点征收。责任编辑:李峰    利发国际在线娱乐场_蜘蛛资讯网;